Tooth loss is fairly common for both elderly and young individuals. Nearly 70% of adults aged 35 to 44 years have at least one missing tooth, and 1 in 4 people over the age of 74 are missing all of their teeth. Dental implants are an excellent restorative solution that looks, feels, and functions just like your natural teeth. Implants can help restoring permanently one or many missing teeth, as well as gaining back confidence and oral health.
Implants are synthetic structures that are surgically placed in the area of the tooth normally occupied by the root. Implants are anchored to the jawbone to act as a foundation for an artificial tooth, permanent bridge, or dentures in some cases.
Implants can be applied in cases of single tooth deficiency, multiple missing teeth and complete edentulism. There are three main implant loading protocols: immediate loading within 48 hours, early loading within three months and conventional loading between three and six months after placement.
- Consultation: The prosthodontist and oral surgeon evaluate the X-ray, bone and gum tissue, and to determine the proper spacing for the implants and consult with the patient. We use specialized, high-tech 3D imaging to visualize the bone structure and ensure proper conditions.
- Implant surgery: Missing tooth roots are replaced with implants, which are covered under the gum line. In special cases, we need jaw bone graft and sinus lift to be done before the placement of the implant.
- Osseointegration: A healing period of up to three to six months to allow the osseointegration to take place.
- Abutments placement: The implants are uncovered to attach abutments that will support the zirconium or Emax crowns.
- Tooth/ smile impression: Taking an impression before restoring the missing teeth.
- Crown/ bridge placement: Replacement teeth are affixed to the implants and extensions.
- Check-up: After the prosthetic procedure, patients have a check-up examination at least every year to check oral hygiene and the function and stability of the tooth implant.
Types of Dental Implants
- Endosteal dental implants: These dental implants are placed in the jawbone. Typically made of titanium and shaped like small screws, they are the most commonly used type of implant.
- Subperiosteal dental implants: These dental implants are placed under the gum but on, or above, the jawbone. This type of implant may be used in patients who do not have enough healthy natural jawbone and cannot, or do not want to, undergo a bone augmentation procedure to rebuild it.
Dental Implant's Techniques
- Full mouth dental implant: full mouth dental implant procedure, or full mouth crown and bridge implants, is used to restore the entire upper or lower arch of teeth in one complete bridge. It may require as many as 12 to 16 dental implants, or 6 to 8 implants for the upper jaw and 6 to 8 implants for the lower jaw.
- Direct dental implants: direct implant, or instant dental implants, or Same day implants, is an immediate load dental implants procedure that allows the placement of a temporary tooth during the same appointment as your dental implant placement. This option if suitable for patients who have enough natural healthy bone and an implant secure enough to support immediate placement and pressure on the new temporary tooth.
- Zygomatic dental implants: Also known as "Zygoma", this is an alternative for people who suffer from both tooth loss and bone recession in the upper jaw. The implant will be based on the zygomatic bone.
- All-on-6 and All-on-4: Both All-on-4 and All-on-6 are an alternative to placing a top or bottom set of replacement teeth, a full arch. Four / six dental implants are placed in available bone, avoiding the need for bone grafting. After about six months, the permanent replacement teeth will be placed. This procedure is a suitable technique for patients who had bone loss, especially in the posterior tooth areas, to use fixed teeth.
Available Dental Implants
We use a wide range of implants in order to give our patient the chance to choose the implants they want; each implant have its specificities and advantages.
- Swiss implants: Straumann, Nobel...
- German implants: Bego, Omega Implant, biotec, NDI, Medigma Biomedical...
- American implants: Dentsply Sirona, Bio Horizon, Dentium...
- Korean implants: Osstem...
- Turkish implants: Evos, Nucleos, Crown Tech...
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