Have you tried to loose weight many times using many diets, but it didnt work? Does your weight is causing health problems such as high blood pressure, sleep disorder or diabetes? If the answer is yes, then its time to consider bariatric Surgery.
Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, promotes weight loss and reduce the risk of obesity-associated diseases by restricting food intake and, in some procedures, altering the digestive processes. Bariatric surgery targets two sections of the digestive system, stomach and intestine, to achieve its goals; it decreases the size of the stomach, the absorption of foods in the intestinal tract or both.
There are several possible procedures for bariatric surgery. The surgeon will help the patient decide which procedure is best for his case.
Bariatric Surgery Procedures
- Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (Gastric Sleeve)
Sleeve Gastrectomy is a laparoscopic weight-loss operation that uses less invasive keyhole surgery to remove a portion of the stomach to reduce its volume. It reduces the stomach to about 20 - 30 % of its original size, by removing a large portion of the stomach.
Unlike gastric bypass surgery, the intestines are kept intact with a sleeve gastrectomy.
- Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (Gastric Bypass)
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, or gastric bypass, is one of the most common bariatric (weight loss) procedures with the longest track record. It refers to a technique in which the stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower pouch connected by a rearranged small intestine.
Gastric bypass surgery is a more invasive option than laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery, however, it can offer more benefits to patients who suffer from diabetes or severe reflux symptoms.
- Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (Gastric Ring)
A laparoscopic adjustable gastric band, or lap-band, is a safe and effective weight-loss procedure that is less invasive than other bariatric operations which requires “cutting” the stomach or small intestines.
The procedure uses an inflatable silicone device placed around the top part of the stomach to portion off the upper stomach “pouch”, hence limiting the amount of consumed food, while maintaining fullness.
As one progressively loses weight, the Lap Band can be adjusted like a “Belt” to maintain the weight loss.
- Endoscopic intragastric balloon (Gastric Balloon)
Gastric balloon is a non-surgical weight-loss procedure that involves the insertion of an inflatable medical balloon inside the stomach to occupy space and limit the food intake to smaller portions. The balloon can be removed after 6 months.
The procedure is performed endoscopically under sedation. The balloon is attached to an endoscope, which is guided through the mouth and into the stomach. Once in proper position, the doctor inflates the balloon with saline and a dye to the desirable size. The entire procedure takes about 15 minutes to complete.
Am I a Candidate?
Qualified candidates for bariatric surgery should:
- Have tried and failed other weight loss regimens
- Be healthy enough for surgery
- Have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40 kg/m2 or higher (approximately 100 pounds overweight) or have a BMI between 35 and 40 with an obesity-related medical condition
Absence of drug and alcohol problems
No uncontrolled psychological conditions
Bariatric surgery helps losing weight, but it is not a permanent way to keep weight off. Patients will be required to take nutritional supplements, exercise and follow up with periodic lab testing to ensure postoperative health.
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