Approximately 50 million men and approximately 30 million women suffer from baldness or hair thinning. Hair transplantation is considered a permanent and the most aesthetically pleasing solution for these problems.
Over the decades, hair restoration has manifested in many forms and used many transplant techniques to achieve great results. Here is an overview on the most popular hair transplant techniques used all over the world.
Hair Restoration Techniques
Follicular unit transplation (FUT)
Follicular unit transplantation or Strip Surgery is a well-known hair restoration technique, it is considered the first technology that allowed for completely natural results of hair restoration to be achieved on a consistent basis.
FUT technique uses stereoscopic dissecting microscopes to dissect the donor strip of hair bearing tissue and help the doctor to easily identify and harvest individual follicular units as they grow naturally on the donor area.
The procedure is not complicated, but it takes 8 hours or more to be completed. Without shaving the head, a thin strip of skin with hair is removed from the back of the head and divided into pieces, each containing 1 to 4 hair grafts to be placed into tiny cuts made in the scalp.
The recovery period takes up to two weeks to heal the scars. Moreover, it’s better to avoid strenuous activities such as weightlifting and sports for six to twelve weeks minimum. The visible scar in the donor area can be easily concealed with moderately short hair styles.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) has improved hair harvesting making it less invasive and becoming the choice n°1 of many patients and practitioners all over the world. FUI technique doesn’t require the use of scalpel to harvest the donor tissue and hair follicles, and doesn’t leave any linear scars behind, only some tiny punctate (round wounds that can heal on their own within days.
During an FUE procedure, the back of the head needs to be shaved; the individual hairs grafts are removed 1 by 1, then placed into tiny cuts made in the scalp. If a large area is being treated, one may need to have 2 or more sessions a few months apart.
The NeoGraft Technology
The NeoGraft technology is the first and only FDA cleared follicular unit harvesting and implantation system, and the only complete harvesting system on the market and has the ‘NO TOUCH’ implantation technology available.
The NeoGraft automated hair transplantation system uses pneumatic controls to precisely extract complete individual hair follicles which can be immediately transplanted to the selected areas of the scalp.
NeoGraft hair Restoration provides absolute exact harvesting and placement, delivering repeatable results. This technology has the advantages of shorter recovery time, fewer restrictions on normal daily activities, and importantly, very natural looking results.
Direct hair implantation (DHI)
Direct hair implantation (DHI) is a modification of the FUE technique and follows a similar procedure; the surgeon removes hair follicles from the donor area and implants them into the balding areas. Because of the Full control of the depth, the direction, and the angle of placement, HDI results are very natural looking.
HDI leaves no scars because only healthy hair follicles which are genetically designed to grow for lifetime are chosen and implanted. This procedure is painless since it is performed under local anaesthesia.
What is the importance of hair transplantation technique?
The hair transplant technique is only one small part of hair transplant surgery. Successful hair restoration surgeries depend on proper hairline design, recipient site creation, practitioners’ skills and expertise, proper handling and surgical refinement of individual hair grafts, and many other critical steps to ensure both graft survival and a natural aesthetic.
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